The Department of Neonatology was established in 2021. The Department of Neonatology
has emerged as a super-speciality department which cares for newborns in a specialised
manner. Teaching and research for the health of newborns in the region is a prime
responsibility. It also aims to expand teaching and care to other regional hospitals.
The department caters to small and sick newborns. This is done by the human
manpower of two faculty, four senior residents, two assistant nursing superintendents, eight
senior nursing officers and thirty-one nursing officers. Commonly, we provide care for
prematurity, respiratory distress and mechanical ventilation.
We also run a neonatology-specialised outpatient department twice a week for
newborn babies. Human milk is promoted in the department which the Ami, the human milk
bank of the institute, supports.
The neonatal Intensive care unit in the department caters to 14 intensive care beds, to
which the government financially assists. The care is provided by infant warmers, which keep
the newborns warm. Kangaroo mother care is also promoted in the unit. Parents are also
assisted in daily counselling sessions, which keeps them emotionally strong. All the queries
are answered clearly. The intensive care stay of preterm babies, especially less than 33
weeks, can be fairly long, which helps the newborns to grow well. Parental support is of
paramount importance here. Retinopathy of prematurity screening is done for them every
Saturday by an expert retinal specialist. Sometimes, the newborns need surgery, for which the
facility is available in hospital.
Bedside procedures include kangaroo mother care, mechanical ventilation,
phototherapy, central line placements, blood testing, lumbar puncture, ultrasounds (brain,
kidney and other organs by expert radiologists), cardiac echocardiography, and blood tests.
We focus on essential newborn care like hypothermia prevention, prevention of
infection and promotion of mothers’ milk by expert nursing care.